In the fracking process, high-pressure water mixed with chemicals and sand is injected into layers of shale rocks underground that fractures under this pressure as well as release the contained oil and gas. Newly established federal regulations cover many areas of fracking operations where protection of public safety is involved. Read to know these areas and the use of automated frac equipment and automation solutions to monitor the kinds of toxic materials as well as their escape or leaking into ground and surface waters:
Fracking Fluids: Are They Harmful?
These fluids have proppants like water, sand, and many chemicals that keep the fractures in the shale open. Well samples show that fracking fluids contain over 100 various types of chemicals, some of which have adverse effects like brain damage, cancer, and birth defects. This is the reason the new federal regulations require the disclosure of the fracking chemicals’ identity and the methods used to prevent the release of these chemicals during fracking, storage, or disposal.
Increasing Safety by Controlling the Process
These days, the practice is to offer a small water analysis laboratory in a data monitoring truck at the fracking site. Such analysis kits allow for manual analysis of the source water’s composition, fracturing fluid, drilling fluids, flow-back water, and others. They are capable of measuring alkalinity, barium, bacteria, conductivity, boron, chlorine, iron, and others.
Benefits of Fracking:
Fracking technologies have made it possible to reduce the environmental impacts of mineral extraction. Below are the main benefits of fracking:
- Affordable energy. Fracking has helps producers unlock several resources that used to be inaccessible. With this process, families will be able to enjoy more affordable energy.
- Reduced environmental footprint. With better fracking equipment and technologies, the United States has seen a reduction in natural gas emissions and an increase in production.
- Reduced number of wells. Fracking allows operators to drill fewer wells to access resources that used to require several wells in the same area.
- Improved economy. Fracking has been helping the country’s economy by increasing the oil and gas reserve. These days, the United States is no longer as reliant on oil-producing countries as before. Fracking also made it possible for the U. S. not to depend on Russia for natural gas.
- Job opportunities. Fracking includes many steps and it’s a long process. Drilling activities happen 24 hours a day and after discovering the oil and gas, they also need to be transported. Such practice brings lots of jobs for workers.